In January 2017, Conservative Prime Minister Theresa May announced: “I can confirm today that the government will put to a vote the final agreement reached between the UK and the EU in both houses of Parliament before it comes into force.”  On 13 July 2017, David Davis, Secretary of State for Leaving the European Union, introduced the bill in the House of Commons, including the following statement after Clause 9: in his statement of 12 February, the Prime Minister reaffirmed his objective of having a second “wise vote” on a withdrawal agreement. She indicated that if this were not the case on February 26, the government would make a new statement to Parliament on the government`s progress and would introduce a amended motion to that declaration, which is expected to be put to a vote on February 27. This is a good time to talk to another explanatory point about what happens after the Brexit Act is passed. (Spoiler alert – Brexit is not done.) On 20 December 2019, just after the opening of Parliament after the 2019 British general election (in which the Conservative Party won a large majority of 80 seats), the government introduced a new bill to ratify its draft withdrawal agreement. She also moved another guillotine motion to limit debate on the bill. The first (Amendment 1) concerns the residence rights of EU citizens. MEPs voted by 269 votes in favour and 229 against, resulting in the amendment. After voting on the third vote and the approval of the Cooper-Letwin Act at third reading by 313-312, May and her cabinet considered the possibility of bringing the withdrawal agreement back to Parliament for a fourth vote.  In mid-May, May said she would present the withdrawal agreement to Parliament in the first week of June.
 Due to massive opposition to the new agreement, May postponed publication from 24 May to 4 June and subsequently resigned as Prime Minister.  On the morning of the vote on 12 June 2018, the government rejected Grieve`s alternative amendment. This paved the way for differences of opinion in the debate in the House of Commons on whether Parliament should have a say if the UK left the EU without a deal.   In the morning, Phillip Lee`s surprise resignation as a young Conservative minister said: “If I have to look my children in the eye and honestly say that I did my best for them, I cannot, in good conscience, support the way our country will withdraw from the EU.”  Members discussed the progress of the bill in its conclusion of the Lords stages.